Mobile QR Code QR CODE : The Korean Institute of Power Electronics
Title A Novel Cell Balancing Circuit for Fast Charge Equalization
Authors Dong-Jin Park ; See-Young Choi ; Yong-Wook Kim ; Rae-Young Kim
DOI 10.6113/TKPE/2015.20.2.160
Page pp.160-166
ISSN 1229-2214
Keywords Lithium-ion battery; SOC(State of Charge); Balancing current; Symmetrical multi-winding transformer
Abstract This study proposes an improved cell balancing circuit for fast equalization among lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries. A simple voltage sensorless charge balancing circuit has been proposed in the past [1]. This cell balancing circuit automatically transfers energy from high-to low-voltage battery cells. However, the circuit requires a switch with low on-resistance because the balancing speed is limited by the on-resistance of the switch. Balancing speed decreases as the voltage difference among the battery cells decrease. In this study, the balancing speed of the cell balancing circuit is enhanced by using the auxiliary circuit, which boosts the balancing current. The charging current is determined by the nominal battery cell voltage and thus, the balancing speed is almost constant despite the very small voltage differences among the batteries. Simulation results are provided to verify the validity of the proposed cell balancing circuit.