Mobile QR Code QR CODE : The Korean Institute of Power Electronics
Title Position Correction Method for Misaligned Hall-Effect Sensor of BLDC Motor using BACK-EMF Estimation
Authors Je-Wook Park ; Jong-Hoon Kim ; Jang-Mok Kim
DOI 10.6113/TKPE/2012.17.3.246
Page pp.246-251
ISSN 1229-2214
Keywords brushless DC motor; hall-effect sensors; back-EMF; commutation point
Abstract This paper proposes a new position compensation method for misaligned Hall-effect sensors of BLDCM(Brushless DC Motor). If the Hall-effect sensors are installed at wrong position, the exact rotor position cannot be obtained. Therefore, when the BLDCM is controlled with this wrong position, the torque ripple can be increased and the average torque also decreases. The back-EMF of BLDCM can be obtained by using the voltage equation and by multiplying the back-EMF constant and rotor speed. At a constant speed, the estimated back-EMF by using the multiplication of the back-EMF constant and rotor speed is constant, but the estimated back-EMF from the voltage equation decreases at the commutation point because the line-to-line back-EMF of two conducting phases is start to decrease at this point. Therefore, by using the difference between these two estimated back-EMFs, the commutation point of the phase current can be determined and position compensation can be carried out. The proposed position correction method doesn't require additional hardware circuit and can be easily implemented. The validity of the proposed position compensation method is verified through several experiments.