Mobile QR Code QR CODE : The Korean Institute of Power Electronics
Title Optimal Number of Turns Design of IPT for Maximum Power Efficiency based on Reinforcement Learning with DQN
Authors Jin-Hyuk Jang ; Eun-soo Lee
Page pp.255-262
ISSN 1229-2214
Keywords Reinforcement learning(RL); WPT (Wireless Power Transfer); Inductive Power Transfer(IPT); DQN(Deep Q-learning network); ε-greedy process
Abstract This study proposes a method for finding the optimal number of turns in an IPT for maximum power efficiency by using a deep Q-learning network based on a reinforcement learning (RL) algorithm. Obtaining the optimal number of turns for a transmitter (Tx) and receiver (Rx) for satisfactory operation and maximum power efficiency is nearly impossible; thus, most Tx and Rx are normally wound until the coils occupy the cores. Moreover, iteratively simulating all the existing combinations of Tx and Rx coil windings to derive the maximum power efficiency will require a considerable amount of time. To shorten the computation time needed to determine the number of coil turns to get the highest power efficiency, the proposed method uses the RL algorithm to select the optimal number of coil turns with a high Q-value through the ε-greedy turn selection process. After a few neural network system episodes, the proposed algorithm can reach the expected maximum power efficiency after the simulation of only 20% of all the possible combinations. The proposed RL algorithm is evaluated through FEM simulation analysis, which shows that the optimal number of turns for various WPT cases with different loads can be determined rapidly.