Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management

ISO Journal Title : Korean J. Constr. Eng. Manag.
Open Access Journal Bimonthly
  • ISSN (Print) : 2005-6095
  • ISSN (Online) : 2465-9703

Improvement Plan for Construction Management and Legislation of Donation Collection Facilities

Lee, Juyong ; Jung, Youngchul

https://dx.doi.org/10.6106/KJCEM.2024.25.1.003

The donation collection system to secure infrastructure and land necessary for public development projects has been actively applied as an effective means of realizing public interest and the concept of recovering development profits, and has contributed greatly to society in public difficult financial conditions. However, due to the ambiguous legal standards and lack of legal grounds for the operation of the donation collection system, it has been arbitrarily used for administrative convenience in the form of granting a donation collection assistant to install infrastructure. In addition, infrastructure is a facility that is constructed and donated within development profits to obtain licenses, and is promoted to minimize construction costs to improve profitability, posing a risk of poor infrastructure planning, design, and construction, resulting in increased safety and maintenance costs for citizens. Continuous system and legal improvement are needed to improve the excellence, convenience, and safety of facilities that citizens will use for half a century through the improvement of the donation system.

A Study of the Effect of Organizational Climate on Workers' Safety Consciousness after the Enforcement of the Act on the Punishment of Severe Disasters - Focusing on Construction Site Workers -

Lee, Jaeyoon ; Kim, Donghyun

https://dx.doi.org/10.6106/KJCEM.2024.25.1.013

On January 8, 2021, the Act on the Punishment of Severe Disasters passed the Legislation and Judiciary Committee and has been in effect in earnest since January 2022. However, safety accidents at construction sites are still continuing, and it is necessary to discuss ways to improve the safety awareness of construction workers. Therefore, in this study, data were collected through a survey of construction site workers, and the effect of the organizational climate of the workplace on the level of safety consciousness of workers was studied. As a result of the study, the factors of organizational structure, guaranteeing autonomy and consideration of supervisors among the organizational climate of the workplace had a positive effect on the improvement of workers' safety awareness. Based on this, this researcher suggested that workers should be delegated the authority to perform some tasks according to the situation and content of the work during the field work and that incentives should be compensated according to performance.

Predicting Fair Bidding Behavior of Bidding Practitioners using TPB

Cho, Jin-Ho ; Shin, Young-Su ; Kim, Byung-Soo

https://dx.doi.org/10.6106/KJCEM.2024.25.1.023

This study highlights the importance of understanding the fair bidding behavior of bid practitioners in order to eliminate bid-rigging, which has a detrimental impact on the construction industry and the overall economy. The research collected survey data from bid practitioners in the Daegu and Gyeongbuk regions of South Korea and analyzed the causal relationships between attitudes towards bid-rigging, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, and the intention to engage in fair bidding using PLS-SEM analysis. The analysis results confirm that attitudes towards bid-rigging and perceived behavioral control are significant variables predicting the intention to engage in fair bidding among bid practitioners. This indicates that bid practitioners' perceptions of bid-rigging and personal behavioral control influence their willingness and actions towards fair bidding. The insights gained from this research provide valuable insights into bid practitioners' behavioral changes and can aid in the development of policies and measures to promote fair bidding and prevent bid-rigging.

Establishment of Risk Database and Development of Risk Classification System for NATM Tunnel

Kim, Hyunbee ; Karunarathne, Batagalle Vinuri ; Kim, ByungSoo

https://dx.doi.org/10.6106/KJCEM.2024.25.1.032

In the construction industry, not only safety accidents, but also various complex risks such as construction delays, cost increases, and environmental pollution occur, and management technologies are needed to solve them. Among them, process risk management, which directly affects the project, lacks related information compared to its importance. This study tried to develop a MATM tunnel process risk classification system to solve the difficulty of risk information retrieval due to the use of different classification systems for each project. Risk collection used existing literature review and experience mining techniques, and DB construction utilized the concept of natural language processing. For the structure of the classification system, the existing WBS structure was adopted in consideration of compatibility of data, and an RBS linked to the work species of the WBS was established. As a result of the research, a risk classification system was completed that easily identifies risks by work type and intuitively reveals risk characteristics and risk factors linked to risks. As a result of verifying the usability of the established classification system, it was found that the classification system was effective as risks and risk factors for each work type were easily identified by user input of keywords. Through this study, it is expected to contribute to preventing an increase in cost and construction period by identifying risks according to work types in advance when planning and designing NATM tunnels and establishing countermeasures suitable for those factors.

Analyzing Leakage Defect Types in Educational Facilities and Deriving Key Management Strategies Using the FTA Method

Jung, Daegyo ; Park, Hyunjung ; Lee, Dongyeop ; Kim, Daeyoung

https://dx.doi.org/10.6106/KJCEM.2024.25.1.042

In recent years, the construction industry has diligently focused on improving the quality and safety of buildings through smart technologies. However, there is a growing trend of leakage defects, especially in educational facilities, due to aging. The objective of this study is to analyze the causes of these defects in educational environments using the Fault Tree Analysis (FTA) technique and propose preventive measures based on the findings. The FTA technique is explained through a review of domestic literature, and data from the Educational Support Center from 2019 to 2021 are examined to identify major defects. The construction of the Fault Tree (FT) for leakage defects resulted in the identification of 12 basic events. Subsequently, a comprehensive understanding of the causes of leakage is achieved through FTA analysis, leading to the identification of the primary causes of defects. Leakage defects accounted for 46.8% of all reported issues in educational facilities, with roof (ceiling) leaks being the most common problem. FTA analysis revealed that poor substrate treatment was the main cause of roof (ceiling) leaks, which could be attributed to cracks in the waterproof layer, joint cracks, and microvoids in the waterproof layer. The primary achievement of this research is to provide essential data for preventing leakage defects in educational facilities and developing preventive measures through the FTA technique. These results are expected to significantly enhance the management of educational facilities and the prevention of leakage issues.

A Framework Development for Sketched Data-Driven Building Information Model Creation to Support Efficient Space Configuration and Building Performance Analysis

Kong, ByungChan ; Jeong, WoonSeong

https://dx.doi.org/10.6106/KJCEM.2024.25.1.050

The market for compact houses is growing due to the demand for floor plans prioritizing user needs. However, clients often have difficulty communicating their spatial requirements to professionals including architects because they lack the means to provide evidence, such as spatial configurations or cost estimates. This research aims to create a framework that can translate sketched data-driven spatial requirements into 3D building components in BIM models to facilitate spatial understanding and provide building performance analysis to aid in budgeting in the early design phase. The research process includes developing a process model, implementing, and validating the framework. The process model describes the data flow within the framework and identifies the required functionality. Implementation involves creating systems and user interfaces to integrate various systems. The validation verifies that the framework can automatically convert sketched space requirements into walls, floors, and roofs in a BIM model. The framework can also automatically calculate material and energy costs based on the BIM model. The developed frame enables clients to efficiently create 3D building components based on the sketched data and facilitates users to understand the space and analyze the building performance through the created BIM models.

Development of Individual Temporary Equipment Material/Quality/Delivery Management Standards(Guide) for Temporary Equipment Rental Company

Lee, Junho ; Kim, Junsang ; Yoou, Geonhee ; Cho, Sehyun ; Kim, JungYeol ; Kim, Youngsuk

https://dx.doi.org/10.6106/KJCEM.2024.25.1.062

Due to the distribution structure of domestic temporary equipment, quality control of temporary equipment is essential because more than 80% of temporary equipment is repeated and reused. Due to this importance, the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport has proposed quality management standards for temporary equipment for 10types of temporary equipments, including steel pipe support, but the overall quality of temporary eqipment cannot be confirmed because the quality is managed through sampling quality tests. In addition, although quality control standards exist for temporary material rental company, practical utilization was investigated and analyzed to be very low as they are mainly presented based on qualitative inspection standards by visual inspection. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to develop individual temporary material/quality/delivery management standards (Guides) for temporary equipment rental company to preemptively secure the quality of temporary equipment before bringing them into the construction site. If the standards developed through this study are applied to domestic temporary equipment rental companies, it is expected that high-quality temporary equipment with secured quality will be brought into the construction site as the quality of temporary equipment quality of domestic medium and small temporary equipment rental companies is improved safety accidents related to temporary structures.